Latest UK gambling industry statistics published

The Gambling Commission has published its current gambling industry statistics report, covering the period April 2015 to March 2019, updated to include October 2018 to September 2019.

Such statistics are derived from the data provided by UK licence holders through their regulatory returns. They are published twice a year (in May and November) in order to provide the latest information on each sector that is regulated by the Commission. It is to be expected that future such statistics will demonstrate even more telling changes arising from the current COVID-19 pandemic.

The latest headline findings (as listed on the Commission’s website) are:

£14.3 bn

Total gross gambling yield (GGY) of the gambling industry in Great Britain 

(Oct 2018 – Sept 2019) (0.5% decrease from Apr 2018 – Mar 2019)

£10.5bn

Total gross gambling yield (GGY) of the gambling industry in Great Britain (excluding lotteries) 

(Oct 2018 – Sept 2019) (1.9% decrease from Apr 2018 – Mar 2019)

98,174

Total number of employees in the gambling industry in Great Britain

(Sept 2019) (4.4% decrease from Mar 2019)

 9,745

Total number of premises in Great Britain

(Sept 2019) (9.6% decrease from Mar 2019)

7,315

Total number of betting shops in Great Britain 

(September 2019) (12.1% decrease from March 2019)

£2.5 bn

Total GGY for gaming machines in Great Britain

(Oct 2018 – Sept 2019) (11.8% decrease from April 2018 – March 2019) (excludes those requiring only a local authority permit)

£624m

Total GGY for category B2 machines in Great Britain 

(Oct 2018 – Sept 2019) (46.4% decrease from Apr 2018 – Mar 2019)

£1.3bn

Total GGY for category B3 machines in Great Britain

(Oct 2018 – Sept 2019) (18.5% increase from Apr 2018 – Mar 2019)

£2.1bn

Total GGY for remote betting 

(Oct 2018 – Sept 2019) (4.3% increase from Apr 2018 – Mar 2019)

£198m

Total GGY for remote bingo

(Oct 2018 – Sept 2019) (12.5% increase from Apr 2018 – Mar 2019)

£3.2bn

Total GGY for remote casino 

(Oct 2018 – Sept 2019) (3.9% increase from Apr 2018 – Mar 2019)

£1.1bn

Total GGY for land-based casinos in Great Britain 

(Oct 2018 – Sept 2019) (0.6% decrease from Apr 2018 – Mar 2019)

 

£1.6 bn

Contributions (to good causes) from The National Lottery

(Oct 2018 – Sept 2019) (6.5% increase from Apr 2018 – Mar 2019)

£345m

Contributions to good causes from large society lotteries

(Oct 2018 – Sept 2019) (3.7% increase from Apr 2018 – Mar 2019)

You can download below:

  1. The new “Industry Statistics” report
  2. The supporting data tables for the report’s charts
  3. The most recent Casino drop and win report

The Executive Summary at the commencement of the report states as follows:

Industry Statistics report on the size and shape of the gambling industry in Great Britain.

This report provides an overview of Gross Gambling Yield (GGY) by sector, along with the numbers of licensed operators, premises and people employed within the industry. It is based on data reported to us by the operators we licence and regulate.

An accompanying data file has more detail, including historical data back to 2009.

Total GGY for the industry was £14.3bn in the year October 2018 to September 2019. This represents a marginal decrease of £69.0m (-0.5%) on the previous reporting period.

Remote (or online) gambling is the largest combined sector by GGY. With £5.5bn GGY, it comprises 38.6% of the overall market. Remote sector GGY increased by £229.3m (4.3%). Online casino games dominate the sector, generating £3.2bn in GGY, mostly from slots games. GGY for remote betting totalled £2.1bn, led by football and horse betting. Remote bingo grew 12.5% to £198.1m.

National Lottery ticket sales increased by £281.0m to £7.5bn. This supported a GGY equivalent increase of £105.3m (3.4%), to £3.2bn, making the National Lottery the second largest sector by GGY. Over the same period, the primary contribution to good causes increased by £96.0m (6.5%) to £1.6bn.

Non-remote betting GGY was the third largest sector by GGY with £2.8bn (-13.8%). GGY for off-course and pool betting decreased, while on-course activities increased marginally. Within off-course data, machines GGY decreased by £361.2m (-19.8%) (see Machines section below). Machines represented 52.1% of total betting GGY. Total numbers of betting premises have continued to decline for the sixth consecutive reporting period to 7,315 (-12.1%).

The non-remote casino sector saw a decrease of £6.1m (-0.6%) in GGY, to £1.1bn. This was caused by a decrease in GGY from casino games of £9.5m (-1.1%). GGY from casino-based machines increased by £3.4m (1.6%).

Non-remote bingo GGY decreased slightly to £669.0m (-0.6%), continuing a steady decline.

Lotteries (excluding the National Lottery and small society lotteries), saw a GGY equivalent increase to £572.5m (5.7%), with balance to good causes at £344.7m, a £12.4m (3.7%) increase from the last reporting period. This is the highest contribution figure reported to date.

In the arcades sector, adult gaming centres showed a slight increase of £22.6m (5.8%) in GGY, reporting £409.0m. GGY for licensed family entertainment centres also increased (6.4%), reporting £52.7m. Note that this data does not include family entertainment centres which operate using a permit from a local authority.

Machines GGY over the year to September 2019 increased in all sectors except betting. This increase was across all machine categories, except B2 and C. Across all sectors, GGY from Category B2 machines decreased by £541.2m to £624.2m (-46.4%). B3 is now the highest machine category for GGY, increasing by £202.9m (18.5%) to £1.3bn.

Note that a change in regulations reducing maximum stakes from £100 to £2 for Category B2 machines took effect in April 2019. This publication includes the first six months of data submitted since the change of regulations.

The number of licensed activities has decreased to 3,641 (-0.4%). These licences are held by 2,652 operators (-1.3%).

The overall number of licensed gambling premises in Great Britain has fallen by 1,036 to 9,745 (-9.6%). The majority of these were betting premises which declined by 1,005 (-12.1%)

As the Gambling Commission explains on its website:

Gross Gambling Yield (GGY) is calculated in accordance with the following formula  (a + b – c), where (a) is the total of any amounts that will be paid to the licensee by way of stakes in the relevant period in connection with the activities authorised by the licence, (b) is the total of any amounts (exclusive of value added tax) that will otherwise accrue to the licensee in the relevant period directly in connection with the activities authorised by the licence, and (c) is the total of any amounts that will be deducted by the licensee in respect of the provision of prizes or winnings in the relevant period in connection with the activities authorised by the licence. Free bets or bonuses are only counted when calculating GGY if the customer has the unrestricted right to opt instead to receive a cash equivalent to the value of that free bet or bonus. Loyalty schemes such as ‘rake back’ or ‘VIP cash back’ or similar are not counted towards (a), (b) or (c). Within Industry Statistics, figures for National Lottery and Lotteries are GGY-equivalent and relate to the proceeds from ticket sales minus the amount given out in prizes.